This year, Emergency Preparedness (EP) Week runs from May 7th to 13th, 2017
Last year’s #PrepareYourSelfie campaign received exposure nationwide and this year the campaign is expanding its reach to launch the #PrepareYourSelfie Challenge.
All Ontarians are challenged to participate by creating their plan, building their kit, and then challenging three family members, friends and/or colleagues on social media to do the same. They can issue and post their challenge via social media, along with a simple caption, such as the sample below;
“Emergencies can strike anywhere, at any time, that’s why I’m Prepared. I’ve made a Plan and built an emergency preparedness kit, Now, I’m challenging (insert name of those being challenged) to do the same.
Ontario 511 is an abbreviated telephone number, part of a North American traveller service, offering 24/7 bilingual information on Winter Road Conditions, Closures and Construction information and other features. Please visit their website at www.ontario.ca/511 or by clicking the link below.
Website: MTO – 511 (link opens in new window)
1. A family emergency plan should NOT include which of the following?
A.Information about your children’s school(s)
B.The name and phone number of an out-of-town contact person
C.A list of important phone numbers, including those of doctors and emergency services
D.Arrangements for each person in the family to be at a specific land line telephone at a specific time
E.A meeting spot outside your home and one outside your neighbourhood in case you need to leave the area
The answer is D. The arrangements for each family member to be at a specific land line telephone at a specific time may not be possible or useful under many conditions, as people may have to relocate or evacuate entirely during a disaster. Families should create an emergency plan and carry important information with them so they know how to get in touch and get back together during an emergency. Finally, both telephone land lines and cellular phones may be overloaded or out of service during or after an emergency, so knowing in advance where to meet is important.
2. How many litres of water per day per person should you have in your basic emergency kit?
A.1 litre per day per person
B.3 litres per day per person
C.2 litres per day per person
D.4 litres per day per person
The answer is C. At least two litres of water are recommended per person per day. (Include small bottles that can be carried easily in case of an evacuation order.)
3. Which tool allows you to learn about historical information on disasters which have directly affected Canadians, at home and abroad, over the past century?
B.Canadian Disaster Database
C.Natural Hazards and Emergency Response
D.Disaster Management Canada
The answer is B. The Canadian Disaster Database contains references to all types of Canadian disasters, including those triggered by natural hazards, technological hazards or conflict (not including war). The database describes where and when a disaster occurred, who was affected, and provides a rough estimate of the direct costs.
4. When does Emergency Preparedness Week (EP Week) occur?
A.First full week of February
B.First full week of September
C.Last full week of February
D.Last full week of May
E.First full week of May
The answer is E. EP Week is an annual event that takes place each year during the first full week of May. This year it takes place from May 3-9, 2015. EP Week is a national awareness campaign coordinated by Public Safety Canada and is about increasing individual preparedness – by knowing the risks, making a plan and preparing a kit you can be better prepared for an emergency.
5. Which of the following items should NOT be included in a basic emergency supply kit?
A.Water (two litres of water per person per day)
C.Manual can opener
The answer is E. While sturdy protective shoes are important during and after a disaster, they are not necessary for survival. You can learn more about the basics of survival by visiting GetPrepared.ca.
Fact or Fiction: Are the following statements true or false?
Q1 – Water can be purified with soap.
False – Boil water for 10 minutes or disinfect water by adding unscented bleach. Add 3-4 drops of bleach per litre of water with an eyedropper (do not reuse eyedropper for any other purpose). Mix well and let stand for 30 minutes. The water should smell faintly of chlorine. If it does not, repeat the steps and leave for another 30 minutes.
Q2 – You can walk through moving flood waters as long as the water level is no higher than your waist.
False – One of the worst floods in Canada’s history occurred in July 1996 in the Saguenay River Valley, in Quebec. Ten people died and 15,825 others were evacuated when flood waters swept through thousands of homes, businesses, roads and bridges. The flood was caused by 36 straight hours of heavy rainfall, for a total accumulation of 290 mm (approximately to the knees). Estimated damages: $1.5 billion.
Q3 – Tape prevents window glass from shattering during a hurricane.
False – Storm shutters can be put into windows and exposed panes. This is the simplest and most economical way to protect your house.
Q4 – Roughly 5,000 earthquakes are recorded in Canada every year.
True – Although the most powerful earthquakes occur near the Pacific Rim, there are a number of Canadian cities that are vulnerable to earthquakes, particularly Vancouver, Montreal, Ottawa, Victoria and Quebec City. Most of the injuries resulting from an earthquake are caused by falling objects. Use screw eyes and iron wire to hang frames and mirrors on walls.
Q5 – Tornadoes occur only in the spring.
False – Tornadoes occur most often in the spring and during the summer, but they may form any time of the year.
Q6 – Destructive hail storms occur most often in late spring and in the summer.
True – In June, most hail storms occur in southern Canada and the north central United States. Violent storms may deposit enough hail to completely cover the ground, damage crops or block storm sewers. Up to 2% of the value of crops is destroyed by hail every year.
Each year, thousands of Canadians face emergency situations that could forever alter their lives. It is important to have a plan in place before an emergency happens. Don’t be caught off guard!
The following suggestions, adopted from Emergency Management Ontario will help you and your family prepare in the event of an actual emergency:
Identify the risks in your community. The Township of Nipissing is susceptible to many different types of emergencies, including Wind Storms, Flash Floods causing Road Washouts and Rising Lake Level Floods, Forest fires, Public Health Emergencies, Blackouts, Transportation (HAZMAT) Accidents and even Tornadoes!
Walk around your house and property to identify dangers. Do you have unsecured material in your yard or loose braches high up in the trees that could have the potential to be hazards in a windstorm or tornado to your family or neighbours? Do you have sandbags and a supply of sand ready, if you live on or near areas prone to flooding?
Choose an out-of-area contact. Ideally, this person should be someone each member of the family can telephone or e-mail in case of an emergency. Be sure to choose someone far enough away so as not to be affected by a similar situation.
Decide on temporary accommodation. This could include a friend’s house or a motel, where you could take up a temporary residence (including your pets) in the event of an evacuation.
Print and read the 72 Hour Emergency Kit [PDF]. Each member of your family should prepare a kit, including storing enough water, food, medicine, money and clothes to comfortably survive for three days.
Website: 72 Hour Emergency Kit (link opens in new window)
Your family emergency plan should include your pets as they depend on you for their safety and well being. Click on the link below for more information about pets and emergencies.
Pet Brochure v1 4 2011-05-09 FINAL
Public Safety Canada
Public Safety Canada provides a range of publications on emergency preparedness to educate Canadians on the risks, how to get prepared, and how to deal with specific hazards. To order publications from Public Safety Canada, please visit www.GetPrepared.ca or click link below.
Website: Get Prepared (link opens in new window)
Ontario Power Generation – Water Safety
Website: Water safety – Dams and Waterways (link opens in new window)
Environment Canada has numerous fact sheets on summer and winter weather. Click on the links below for further information
Severe Summer Weather
Website: Severe Summer Weather (link opens in new window)
Website: Lightning Safety (link opens in new window)
Watches, Warnings and Special Weather Statements
Website: Watches, Warnings and Special Weather Statements (link opens in new window)
Website: Winter Weather (link opens in new window)
Weather and Meteorology
Website: Weather and Meteorology (link opens in new window)
Website: Flood Ready (link opens in new window)